What are the essential features of hydroelectric power plant?
Top 6 Major Components of Hydro Power Plant
- Forebay and Intake Structures: As the name suggests forebay is an enlarged body of water in front of intake. …
- Head Race or Intake Conduits: They carry water to the turbines from the reservoir. …
- Surge Tank: …
- Turbines and Generators: …
- Power House: …
- Tail Race and Draft Tube.
What are the features of Hydro Generators?
Hydrogenerators convert the mechanical energy from the turbine into electrical energy using an excitation system. ANDRITZ Hydro generators are characterized by their compact design, high efficiencies, and long lifetime thanks to the use of modern calculation methods and optimized manufacturing procedures and materials.
What are the four major components of a hydroelectric power plant?
There are four major components to conventional hydroelectric plants. The dam, turbine, generator, and transmission lines.  As shown in Fig.
What are the basic components required for a hydroelectric generation?
Components of a Hydropower Plant
- Intake structure.
- Surge chamber.
- Hydraulic turbines.
- Power house.
- Draft tube.
What are advantages of hydroelectric power generation?
Hydropower provides benefits beyond electricity generation by providing flood control, irrigation support, and clean drinking water. Hydropower is affordable. Hydropower provides low-cost electricity and durability over time compared to other sources of energy.
How does hydroelectricity help the environment?
Hydropower is better for the environment than other major sources of electrical power, which use fossil fuels. Hydropower plants do not emit the waste heat and gases—common with fossil-fuel driven facilities—which are major contributors to air pollution, global warming and acid rain.