Why the electric field is always directly perpendicular to an equipotential surface?
No work is done in moving a charge from one point on equipotential surface to the other. Therefore, component of electric field intensity along the equipotential surface is zero it means, the electric field intensity is perpendicular to equipotential surface. Hence, the surface is perpendicular to field lines.
What is equipotential surface Class 12?
Equipotential surface is a surface where all the points lying on the surface have the same electric potential. This means that a charge will have the same potential energy at every point on the equipotential surface.
What is equipotential surface in physics?
The surface which is the locus of all points which are at the same potential is known as the equipotential surface. … In other words, any surface with the same electric potential at every point is termed as an equipotential surface.
What is the direction of electric field with respect to an equipotential surface?
Perpendicular to the equipotential surface.
What is an equipotential surface show that the electric field is always directed perpendicular to an equi potential surface?
equipotential surfaces any surface with same electric potential at every point is called an equipotential surface. In this case the “altitude” is electric potential or voltage. Equipotential lines are always perpendicular to the electric field.
What is meant by the term equipotential surface?
An equipotential surface is the collection of points in space that are all at the same potential. Equipotential lines are the two-dimensional representation of equipotential surfaces. Equipotential surfaces are always perpendicular to electric field lines. Conductors in static equilibrium are equipotential surfaces.
What are equipotential surface and why are they called so?
When you find a constant potential upon any part of the surface is known as an equipotential surface. We can also define it as the result of the potential difference between any two points is zero. A surface stands for the locus of all points. Each point delivers the same potential; then, it is called equipotential.
What is equipotential surface write its characteristics?
The characteristics of an equipotential surface are: Potential remains the same at all the points on equipotential surface. No work is required to move a charge on an equipotential surface. No two equipotential surfaces can ever intersect each other.