What are the basic factors to be considered during the design of nuclear power plant?

What factors do you need to consider for building a nuclear based power plant?

There are two fundamental considerations in assessing a potential site for a nuclear power plant: – site characteristics that could affect the safety of the plant or the transfer of radioactive material, and, – the potential impact of the plant on the surrounding area, population and environment.

What are the factors to be considered for the location of nuclear power plant?

Important considerations in site selection of nuclear power plants (NPP) are topography, accessibility, infrastructure, construction facilities, township for staff, availability of power supply, transmission lines and cooling water along with other important safety aspects related to geology, seismology and meteorologi …

What are the basics of a nuclear power plant?

Nuclear power plants heat water to produce steam. The steam is used to spin large turbines that generate electricity. Nuclear power plants use heat produced during nuclear fission to heat water. In nuclear fission, atoms are split apart to form smaller atoms, releasing energy.

What are the five main components of a nuclear power plant?

Any nuclear reactor that produces power via the fission of uranium (U-235) or plutonium (Pu-239) by bombardment with neutrons must have at least five components: nuclear fuel consisting of fissionable material, a nuclear moderator, reactor coolant, control rods, and a shield/containment system.

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Where would a nuclear power plant be most likely to be constructed?

Nuclear plant construction

Most reactors currently planned are in Asia, with fast-growing economies and rapidly-rising electricity demand. Many countries with existing nuclear power programmes either have plans to, or are building, new power reactors.

Does the location of a nuclear power plant matter?

Siting is one of the important decisions in the early stage of a planned nuclear energy project. The selection and evaluation of a site suitable for a nuclear installation are crucial processes. They can significantly affect the costs, public acceptance and safety of the installation.

What are the considerations to be made while selecting a suitable site for a thermal power plant?

The plant should be far away from residential area to avoid nuisance from smoke, fly ash and noise. Nature of Land : Many power plants have failed due to weak foundations. Land (soil) should have good bearing capacity to withstand dead load of plant.