Why does NaCl conduct electricity in water but not when solid?
In the solid state, ionic compounds such as sodium chloride have their ions fixed in position and therefore these ions cannot move so solid ionic compounds cannot conduct electricity. However in the molten state, ions in ionic compounds are free to flow and therefore molten sodium chloride can conduct electricity.
Why can aqueous NaCl conduct electricity?
An aqueous solution of sodium chloride conducts electricity because it is a soluble ionic compound when dissolved in water.
Why is pure NaCl a non conductor of electricity but when dissolved in water a good conductor of electricity?
However, in solid NaCl the charged particles are locked in place in the crystal lattice and not able to move, and thus solid NaCl does not conduct electricity. When the NaCl melts, or dissolves in water, the crystal lattice breaks down and the charged particles are able to move, allowing electricity to be conducted.
How does NaCl conduct electricity in water?
When the sodium chloride dissolves in water, the sodium atoms and chlorine atoms separate under the influence of the water molecules. They’re free to move around in the water as positively and negatively charged ions. This separation of charge allows the solution to conduct electricity.
Would solid NaCl conduct electricity Why did the salt make the water more conductive to electricity?
o Ask the students: “Why did the salt make the water more conductive to electricity?” (The molecules of salt dissociate into ions of opposite charges. It is the ions that render the water conductive to electricity. In our experiment, the Na+ and Cl- ions made it possible for the distilled water to conduct electricity.)
Why do aqueous solutions conduct electricity?
An aqueous solution of an acid conducts electricity because in water, an acid (HCl) dissociates to give ions. Since, the current is carried out by the movement of ions, an aqueous solution of acid conducts electricity.
Is NaCl a good conductor of electricity?
Solid [NaCl] is a bad conductor of electricity because the charged particles (ions) in solid [NaCl] are not capable of moving as they are bound by strong electrostatic forces. As a result, they can not conduct electricity.
Can NaCl produce electricity?
Salt molecules are made of sodium ions and chloride ions. (An ion is an atom that has an electrical charge because it has either gained or lost an electron, also meaning it has a positive charge and a negative charge.) … In short, saltwater (water + sodium chloride) can help to produce electricity.
When salt is dissolved in water it conducts electricity and its does not conducts electricity in its solid form because?
Although solid ionic compounds are made up of ions but they do not conduct electricity in solid state. This is because in the solid ionic compound, the ions are held together in fixed positions by strong electrostatic forces and cannot move freely.