What is needed for nuclear energy to work?
Nuclear power plants heat water to produce steam. The steam is used to spin large turbines that generate electricity. Nuclear power plants use heat produced during nuclear fission to heat water. In nuclear fission, atoms are split apart to form smaller atoms, releasing energy.
What are some new technologies for nuclear reactors?
The latest trend in nuclear is the small modular reactor (SMR), which generates a fraction of the energy of traditional reactors, but at a fraction of the cost. Existing nuclear reactors generate 500 megawatts to 1 gigawatt of electricity. SMRs generate less than 300 MW.
What are examples of nuclear technology?
Other Uses of Nuclear Technology
- Agriculture and Food. In many parts of the world, agricultural workers use radiation to prevent harmful insects from reproducing. …
- Medical. Nuclear technologies provide images inside the human body and can help to treat disease. …
- Space Exploration. …
- Water Desalination.
How nuclear energy works step by step?
In a nuclear energy plant, heat is produced from splitting atoms – a process called nuclear fission.
- Nuclear reactor creates heat that is used to make steam.
- The steam turns a turbine connected to an electromagnet, called a generator.
- The generator produces electricity.
Are any new nuclear reactors being built?
The newest nuclear reactor to enter service, Watts Bar Unit 2 with 1,122 MW net summer electricity generating capacity, began commercial operation in October 2016. Two new nuclear reactors are actively under construction: Vogtle Units 3 and 4 in Georgia.