What is the source of energy for ocean circulation?
There are two major sources of energy for driving ocean currents: the sun (via wind) and density (via salt content and temperature).
What is the major energy source for atmospheric and ocean circulation?
The absorbed sunlight drives photosynthesis, fuels evaporation, melts snow and ice, and warms the Earth system. Solar power drives Earth’s climate. Energy from the Sun heats the surface, warms the atmosphere, and powers the ocean currents.
What is the initial source of energy for ocean currents?
Warm-water currents begin near the equator and carry warm water to other parts of the ocean. Cold-water currents begin closer to the poles and carry cool water to other parts of the ocean. While winds are responsible for ocean currents, the sun is the initial energy source of the currents.
How are atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns similar?
In what ways are atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns similar? … They are similar because they both move by the Earth’s rotation and heating causes currents in both patterns. They are different because in the atmosphere there are winds and cells and in the ocean there are hot/cold currents and upwellings.
What is the relationship between the general circulation of air and the circulation of ocean currents?
The circulation of the ocean is a key factor in air temperature distribution. Ocean currents that have a northward or southward component, such as the warm Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic or the cold Peru (Humboldt) Current off South America, effectively exchange heat between low and high latitudes.
What energy sources and processes of energy drive the global circulation of water in the oceans text to speech?
The water cycle is driven primarily by the energy from the sun. This solar energy drives the cycle by evaporating water from the oceans, lakes, rivers, and even the soil. Other water moves from plants to the atmosphere through the process of transpiration.
What are two major sources of oceans water?
Salt in the ocean comes from two sources: runoff from the land and openings in the seafloor. Rocks on land are the major source of salts dissolved in seawater. Rainwater that falls on land is slightly acidic, so it erodes rocks.
How is energy exchanged between the atmosphere and oceans?
Energy is transferred in the atmosphere, ocean, and Earth’s interior system by three processes: convection, conduction, and radiation. These processes can all occur at the same time on either a small or large scale. There is also a strong coupling found between the atmosphere and ocean.