How is sodium chloride formed by the transfer of electrons Why does the molten solution of sodium chloride conduct electricity?

How is sodium chloride formed by transfer of electrons?

When sodium reacts with chlorine, it transfers its one outermost electron to the chlorine atom. By losing one electron, sodium atom forms a sodium ion (Na+) and by gaining one electron, the chlorine atom forms a chloride ion (Cl-).

Why does a solution of sodium chloride conduct electricity which solid NaCl does not?

In the solid state, ionic compounds such as sodium chloride have their ions fixed in position and therefore these ions cannot move so solid ionic compounds cannot conduct electricity. However in the molten state, ions in ionic compounds are free to flow and therefore molten sodium chloride can conduct electricity.

Why does salt water conduct electricity but sugar water doesn t?

Salt solution contains Na+ and Cl- ions. When ions are present in the solution, these ions can move through the solution to carry an electric current. … Sugar molecules do not break down into ions when dissolved. Therefore, these solutions cannot carry an electric current.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Best answer: How do you characterize a solar cell?

How sodium chloride is formed?

Sodium chloride is formed when sodium atoms interact with chlorine atoms. Sodium will donate an electron (which is a negatively-charged particle) to chlorine. This makes sodium slightly positive and chlorine slightly negative.

How is sodium chloride formed by the transfer of electrons Why does the molten solution of sodium chloride conduct electricity?

Sodium Chloride is an ionic compound which consists of Sodium ion and Chloride ion. In solid form bond between these two is very strong. … These ions are charge carriers and thus responsible for electricity conduction.

Why is NaCl a bad conductor of electricity in solid state?

Solid [NaCl] is a bad conductor of electricity because the charged particles (ions) in solid [NaCl] are not capable of moving as they are bound by strong electrostatic forces. As a result, they can not conduct electricity. … As a result, they can not conduct electricity.

Why is NaCl a good conductor of electricity?

As the motility of individual atoms or molecules in liquid state is far greater than solid, the ions (Na+&Cl−) are free to move and therefore can act as charge carriers. Hence molten sodium chloride is a good conductor of electricity because of free ions.

Why is pure dry NaCl a non conductor of electricity but when dissolved in water a good conductor of electricity?

However, in solid NaCl the charged particles are locked in place in the crystal lattice and not able to move, and thus solid NaCl does not conduct electricity. When the NaCl melts, or dissolves in water, the crystal lattice breaks down and the charged particles are able to move, allowing electricity to be conducted.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Why do solar panels have diodes?

How does dissolving salt water allow electric current to flow?

How does dissolving salt in water allow electricity to flow? This happens when salt dissolves because it goes back to Sodium and Chlorine before it designates again which can flow electricity. Their ability to move allows them to carry electric charges and there is a flow of electric current.

Why are chloride ions attracted to the positive electrode?

Negatively charged chloride ions move to the positive electrode. Here, they lose electrons to form chlorine atoms. The atoms join up in pairs to form Cl 2 molecules, so chlorine gas is formed at the positive electrode.

Why do some solutions conduct electricity?

An electrolyte is any salt or ionizable molecule that, when dissolved in solution, will give that solution the ability to conduct electricity. This is because when a salt dissolves, its dissociated ions can move freely in solution, allowing a charge to flow.