How is energy transformed in photosynthesis?
Photosynthesis is the process of transforming sunlight into chemical energy by storing it in the bonds of glucose or sugar. This process occurs in plants, bacteria and some protists, or algae to produce sugar as food.
How is energy transformed and conserved in photosynthesis?
Light energy is captured and transformed into chemical energy in the form of the food sugar. Carbon dioxide and water are combined and their atoms are rearranged to form a sugar molecule. The bonds within the sugar molecule store the energy obtained from light.
How does energy get transformed by plants?
In this case plants convert light energy (1) into chemical energy, (in molecular bonds), through a process known as photosynthesis. Most of this energy is stored in compounds called carbohydrates. The plants convert a tiny amount of the light they receive into food energy.
How is light energy transformed in the light reactions of photosynthesis?
The Light Reactions of Photosynthesis. Light is absorbed and the energy is used to drive electrons from water to generate NADPH and to drive protons across a membrane. These protons return through ATP synthase to make ATP.
How is energy transformed and conserved in cellular respiration?
Through the process of cellular respiration, the energy in food is converted into energy that can be used by the body’s cells. During cellular respiration, glucose and oxygen are converted into carbon dioxide and water, and the energy is transferred to ATP.
Is matter conserved during photosynthesis?
Photosynthesis demonstrates the law of conservation of matter which states that atoms cannot be created nor destroyed; the atoms can only be rearranged into new molecules and ions. Photosynthesis is aided by enzymes, special proteins, which can either break chemical bonds or form bonds in molecules.