Agro industries such as sugar, palm, rice and wood industries have very high potential in Asia for power generation. Among all, sugar industry has the highest potential for power generation.
In Asia, the development of sugar sector in power generation is phenomenal. In the last decade alone, more than 100 new high pressure modern cogeneration plants have been installed and most of them are in India.
ASEAN (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) in general,
have large agricultural resources and agro industries, resulting in large quantities of biomass generation. For the past one and a half decade, there is an excellent growth in biomass power generation in ASEAN. Thailand is leading, followed by Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. The main reasons for this sudden growth in biomass power generation are: a) good IRR resulting from projects, b) favourable government policies, c) favourable CDM / VER market (at that time) and increased number of investors and lenders.
From the commercial point of view, there is an increased competition among equipment suppliers and hence the investment costs have become reasonable. Recent developments in the industries have created a demand for EFB, which was previously dumped or openly burnt. Even now, a small quantity is in use at the plantation sites as a fertilizer.
Rice industries in Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand and Philippines have good potential for medium and high pressure modern power plants whose power generation potential are above 7500, 4000, 3000 and 1500 GWh, respectively.
However, there are some barriers for collection, transportation and storage of biomass fuel. Palm oil industries in Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand have good potential for high pressure modern power plants and the annual power generation potential is above 8000, 5000 and 500 GWh, respectively.
The power generation potential in the wood industries are limited, especially, where the sustainability of wood is in question. In general, large wood industries have potential for medium pressure systems. The potential for high pressure system is limited due to the power plant size. Market for biomass boilers and turbines are still high in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. Cambodia and Laos have limited potential for biomass power generation using high pressure systems. We have worked with many biomass projects in Asia, Africa and other countries with sizes ranging from 450 kW to 41 MW.
For services/queries/comments related to biomass power in ASEAN, contact us.
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